Environmental histories, Fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA), Organizational histories, Platform-based transformation.


Driven by the new generation of digital intelligence technology, the platform economy has emerged as an important force to drive industrial development and enterprise growth, and how to improve the effectiveness of enterprise platform-based transformation has become an important issue. This paper uses a sample of 30 domestic listed enterprises and adopts the fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) method to select six representative factors from two dimensions, namely environment, and organization, to explore the effect of the grouping effect on the effectiveness of platform transformation of enterprises. The study found that there are three ways to help companies achieve high platform transformation effectiveness, namely digital level + managerial cognitive ability, digital level + resource allocation ability, and government support + resource allocation ability, as well as three paths that lead to low platform transformation performance. The findings suggest that companies can, on the one hand, strive to improve certain key elements and move towards similar paths according to their circumstances, or, on the other hand, make organizational changes to shift to favorable paths and avoid unfavorable ones. This study not only extends the theoretical research on the impact paths of platform-based transformation but also provides valuable references on how companies can develop platform-based transformation strategies.

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